Humanities Sciences Social Sciences

Social Sciences Entries


Ms. Rachel Anderson

Portfolio/Garment Display
Fashion Design: Creative Tailoring: Fit, Patternmaking, Construction

Mr. Innocent Awasom
Assistant Librarian

Spanish-speaking College Students and Use of Library Resources at the Texas Tech University Libraries
Spanish-speaking college students hesitate to ask for reference help when their main language is Spanish and are needing assistance.

Ms. Shelley Barba
Metadata Librarian

Great Expectations: How Digital Project Planning Fosters Collaboration between Academic Libraries and External Entities
This article looks at how project management shaped the TTU Libraries' digitization of Charles Dickens' _All the Year Round_.

Let's Get Ready to Stumble: Organize Your Bookmarks
A quick presentation about why it is important to use web-based bookmark organizers, and how to set up an account with StumbleUpon.

Taming the Chaos: Making Metadata Work for You
This presentation shows two approaches to organizing your email, and how to organize your internet bookmarks through web-based tools.

Mr. John T. Becker
Associate Librarian

A Short History fo the Panhandle of Texas
The Panhandle-Plains covers a large area of West Texas and is surprisingly diverse, in its people, economy and beliefs. Although it has only been settled for about 100 years and somewhat provincial in its outlook, its economy is vibrant and well connected to the it is economically connected to many of the economic and political power cents of the U.S.been settled for about 100 years and some what provencial in its outlook, its economy is vibrant and well connected to the it is economically conected to many of the economic and political power centes of the U.S.

Professor Gerry Beyer
Governor Preston E. Smith Regents Professor of Law

Beyer's Texas Property Code Annotated
This publication is designed to provide a compact and authoritative presentation of the Texas Property Code and related Texas laws, including the full text of the Texas Title Examination Standards. The publication is intended to combine the most salient features of an unannotated code--compactness and portability--and those of a fully annotated code--interpretative aids--into a single publication containing a carefully constructed selection of primary law materials relating to Texas property law practice. Thus the publication contains the full text of the Property Code, and related statutes, accompanied by interpretative aids which have been constructed by the author and the publisher's editorial staff to provide materials which are highly focused, concise, practical, and authoritative.

Texas Estate Planning Statutes With Commentary
This book is a compilation of Texas statutes which are significant to courses related to estate planning such as Wills & Estates, Trusts, Estate Planning, Estate Administration, Elder Law, and Guardianship. I have included commentary entitled Statutes in Context to many sections. These annotations provide background information, explanations, and citations to key cases which should assist students in identifying the significance of the statutes and how they operate.

Texas Trust Law: Cases and Materials (2nd ed.)
This book is designed for law school courses covering trusts. The cases, problems, and questions are drawn extensively from Texas materials and attempt to provide the student with a comprehensive understanding of how trust creation, administration, and enforcement are handled in Texas. Resulting trusts, constructive trusts, and trust accounts are also discussed.

Wills, Trusts, and Estates for Legal Assistants
This book is designed for legal assistants and paralegals to use during their legal training as well as a reference for individuals who assist attorneys in their estate planning practice. The book focuses on intestate succession, wills, trusts, estate administration, non-probate assets, wealth transfer taxation, disability and death planning, and malpractice and professional responsibility.

Wills and Trusts
This article discusses judicial developments relating to the Texas law of intestacy, wills, estate administration, trusts, and other estate planning matters. The discussion of most cases includes a moral, that is, the important lesson to be learned from the case. By recognizing situations which have lead to time-consuming and costly litigation in the past, the reader may be able to reduce the likelihood of the same situations arising with his or her clients.

Wills and Trusts
An almost ten-hour presentation which law students may use to review the basic concepts of wills, intestate succession, and trusts.

Mr. Jim Brewer
Assistant Librarian

Seizing a New Frontier
The article describes the thought and planning that went into building the Texas Tech University Libraries 3D Animation Lab and what the goals are for the Lab. At the time of the writing the 3D Animation Lab had been open for one year and we were in the planning stages of Short Courses. Two animators (Ken Chaffin and Eddie Grampp) were hired by the Library.

Dr. Helen C. Brittin
Professor Emeritus
Nutrition, Hospitality, and Retailing

The Food and Culture Around the World Handbook
The Food and Culture Around the World Handbook (367 pages, soft cover) is a brief reader and reference. It profiles the food and culture of each of the 195 countries in the world.

Professor Bryan Camp
George H. Mahon Professor of Law

Protecting Trust Assets from the Federal Tax Lien
This is a study of federal tax liens and how trust provisions might successfully protect non-liable beneficiary interests. This article received the Texas Bar Foundation award in February 2010 for Best Article published in a Texas Law Review in 2009.

Professor Bryan Camp
George H. Mahon Professor of Law

What Good is the National Taxpayer Advocate?
This article reviews the history of automation in tax administration, especially after WWII. It traces the resulting creation and expansion of the Office of the National Taxpayer Advocate and explores the inherent tensions that confront the Taxpayer Advocate as a result of how Congress has structures the Office.

Ms. Mei Campbell
Curator of Ethnology & Textiles

Victorian Wedding Dress in the United States
In this paper doll book, Mei Campbell discussed how the wedding tradition, and specifically wedding dress, in the west has changed in the last two centuries, accompanied by Norma Lu Meehan's exquisite illustrations of wedding gowns selected from collections in the Museum of Texas Tech University and Norther Indiana Center for History

Dr. Stacy Carter
Assistant Professor of Special Education
Educational Psychology & Leadership

The Social Validity Manual
The only clinical research volume on the market which fully explores the concept of Social Validity as a means to help researchers to determine whether treatments have a meaningful impact on patients' lives.

Ms. Kathrin Dodds
Research & Development Librarian

Two Steps Forward and One Step Back: Has debunking the librarian image gone too far?
All the hype about the image of the librarian in pop culture has resulted in numerous websites and blogs by librarians, depicting librarians in new and surprising ways. These sites have worked so hard to diminish the stereotypical librarian image that they have created new stereotypical images. With blogs like: The Annoyed Librarian, NextGen Librarians, The Lipstick Librarian, The Belly dancing librarian and many more, have we sullied our image even further by going to such extremes? Though some of these websites focus primarily on subject matter pertinent to the profession, many have been created with the sole purpose of proving that all librarians are not stuffy and old fashioned. This paper presents various types of sites managed by individual librarians and investigate how they help or hinder the image of librarianship.

When Indians Play Indian: Native American Stereotypes in Professional Wrestling
This paper was presented at the 2009 Texas Tech University When Indians Play Indian Symposium. It will be published in a collection of essays in 2010.

Dr. Mary Fehr
Assistant Professor
Curriculum and Instruction

Teach Boldly! Letters to Educators about Contemporary Issues in Education
In today's world of public schooling, teachers are often discouraged by the restrictions placed on them by the education system and unresolved societal issues. Too often, good teachers become disillusioned and leave the profession after only a few years. This book is a collection of letters to practicing and future teachers, written by leading educators and scholars who offer advice, encouragement, and inspiration. These experienced educators offer bold, innovative ideas to ignite teachers' passion for their work in the midst of a range of discouraging situations.

Dr. Susan Fortney
Paul Whitfield Horn Professor

Taking Empirical Research Seriously
This essay considers how empirical research on the legal profession can bridge the divide between theory, social science, and the ethical practice of law. After providing background information on the growing field of empirical legal research, Part I of this essay focuses on developments in empirical legal research on lawyering. Part II discusses how collaboration with practitioners and other stakeholders can help researchers address challenges related to accessing data. Once data are obtained, Part III suggests how dissemination and sharing of research can link the academy and practicing lawyers. The conclusion urges a collaborative course of action for legal ethics scholars who want their research to be taken seriously by members of the academy, the practicing bar, regulators of the legal profession, and lawyer organizations.

Dr. John Gilliam
Assistant Professor
Applied and Professional Studies

Determinants of Risk Tolerance in the Baby Boomer Cohort
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the leading boomers differ significantly from the trailing boomers in their financial risk tolerance. This study also investigates whether leading and trailing boomers differ in their tendency to underestimate their risk tolerances.

Professor Ann Graham
Professor of Law

Bringing to Heel the Elephants in the Economy: The Case for Ending "Too Big To Fail"
Ending TBTF bailouts by reducing the size and interconnectedness of large financial conglomerates might be accomplished by: (1) Imposing size caps that limit continued expansion of financial conglomerates through internal growth and acquisitions; (2) Ending government-assisted acquisitions that allow the largest institutions to grow even larger – at public expense; (3) Reinstating true fire-walls between banking and commerce; (4) Returning to meaningful anti-trust enforcement; (5) Immediately initiating reform measures such as increased capital for large institutions, subordinated debt requirements that enhance market discipline, enhanced systemic risk monitoring and regulation, and better advance planning for liquidating large complex financial institutions; and (6) As a longer term measure, commissioning a carefully researched report on how to most effectively divide the existing conglomerates into manageable component parts that will no longer be Too Big to Fail.

The Consumer Financial Protection Agency: Love It or Hate It, U.S. Financial Regulation Needs It
This article analyzes The Consumer Financial Protection Agency Act of 2009, as passed by the House of Representatives. Each section of the article identifies a key point of controversy, with arguments pro and con, coming down in favor of an independent consumer financial protection agency.

Financial Institution Board Responsibilities Under the Microscope
In the wake of the financial crisis, boards of directors will find both regulators and shareholders focused on legal and ethical responsibilities of the board. How much direction and oversight should a board provide to management in its efforts to maximize profitability? What new requirements will the regulators impose and what actions will they take based on past board actions? Every financial crisis has brought a wave of enforcement actions. It is important for boards and their attorneys to anticipate and prepare for heightened regulatory attention.

Dr. Sybil Hart
Professor of Human Development & Family Studies
Human Development and Family Studies

Lullaby Massage: Rhyme & Touch Massage for Infants and Children
This book's twelve poems and accompanying illustrations instruct parents on a method of conducting a 15-minute massage for helping children fall asleep. Each poem captures the essence of a massage movement for a different part of the body by calling up images of familiar motions. Those at the start, such as the massage for the fingers, "Five Little Tubes of Toothpaste," and the belly massage, "Tummy Button Blues," use humor. Others that come later, such as the back massage, "Valentines," and the brow-to-neck massage, "Rainbows," communicate warmth and reassurance. As they hear the words being recited and feel the gentle strokes, children are enthralled, soothed, and gradually lulled to sleep.

Dr. Jon Hufford

Pre- and Post-Assessment Surveys for the Distance Section of LIBR 1100, Introduction to Library Research
Articles and other materials reporting the experiences of librarians in assessing what distance students are learning in online information literacy classes are not well represented in the professional literature. Librarians who have experience assessing distance student learning should share what they have learned with colleagues who, in turn, need to know what methods are working, and how the assessment process can be used to improve online teaching and learning. This article reports on the experience gained by librarians at Texas Tech University Libraries while developing and implementing pre- and post-assessment surveys that were administered in the distance learning section of a library research course taught in the fall of 2009. The course had not included learning outcomes assessment before 2008. The assessment's findings were used to improve both the content and the teaching of the course's online section.

What Are They Learning? Pre- and Post-Assessment Surveys for LIBR 1100, Introduction to Library Research
Articles reporting the experiences of librarians in assessing what students are learning in information literacy classes are as of yet not as well represented in the professional literature as they should be. This is especially the case for library skills courses that are for-credit. Librarians who have experience assessing student learning should share what they have learned with colleagues who, in turn, need to know what methods are working, and how the assessment process can be used to improve teaching and learning. This article reports on the experience gained by librarians at Texas Tech University Libraries while developing and implementing pre- and post-assessment surveys that were administered in eleven sections of a library research course taught in the fall of 2008.

Dr. Fethi Ahmet Inan
Assistant Professor of Instructional Technology
Educational Psychology and Leadership

Laptops in the K-12 classrooms: Exploring factors impacting instructional use
The purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting teachers' integration of laptops into classroom instruction. A research-based path model was tested based on data gathered from 379 K-12 school teachers to examine direct and indirect contributions of relevant institutional factors (overall support for school technology, technical support, and professional development) and teacher level factors (teacher readiness and teacher beliefs). The major premise of this study was that the hypothesized path model was powerful enough to explain a substantial amount of variance in teacher readiness (43%), beliefs (51%), and laptop integration (55%). The results suggest that teacher level factors (teacher readiness and teacher beliefs) strongly predict laptop integration, and that overall support for school technology and professional development have strong effects on teacher beliefs and readiness, respectively.

A Motivationally Adaptive Web Based Learning Environment: Exploring the Decisions which Influence Design
The purpose of this study was to document the design and development of an adaptive system which individualizes instruction such as content, interfaces, instructional strategies, and resources dependent on two factors, namely student motivation and prior knowledge levels. Combining adaptive hypermedia methods with strategies proposed by instructional theory and motivation models, an adaptive online system was designed and developed. Through several iterations of design-based research, researchers have improved the adaptive system, and the adaptive strategies and learning theories underlying the design. This study documents the design decision made by these researchers and discusses the design/development challenges which were encountered.

Dr. Samina Khan
Associate Professor
Department of Design

Effect Of Cultural Origin on The Relationship Between Selected Human Values and Clothing Values.
This study examines clothing as a complex category that includes social, psychological, symbolic, and cultural aspects; it specifically addresses how cultural backgrounds affect the order of importance of human values and clothing values, and the relationship between these two sets of values.

Dr. Mellinee Lesley
Associate Professor, Language and Literacy
Curriculum and Instruction

Separating the Chaff of Bureaucracy from the Grain of Pedagogy: Creating Quality New Teachers in an Age of Accountability
This study was an examination of what supports quality educational practices for new teachers. To gain insights into phenomena, we conducted interviews with new teachers who had graduated from a common institution, school administrators in the region where the new teachers were employed, and policy makers responsible for developing state-level educational policies being implemented within the region where the new teachers were working.

Ms. Barbara McArthur
Assistant Librarian

Trials and Tribulations of a Yearbook Digitization Project
A presentation describing the process taken to digitize Texas Tech's La Ventana yearbook collection. It discusses the multiple problems which arose, solutions taken and some important concepts which should be considered before planning a digitization project.

Dr. Aretha Marbley
Associate Professor
Educational Psychology & Leadership

African American Millennials: A Profile of Promise
This article provides a profile of the gifted African American Millennials from a national sample in the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002.

Teaching diversity across disciplines: Reflections from African-American faculty in four different academic settings
The authors, male and female African American faculty from different academic disciplines at Predominantly White Institutions (PWIs), share personal reflections on the laborious experiences teaching postsecondary graduate and professional courses that focus on diversity and multicultural themes.

Ms. Arlene Paschel
Assistant Librarian

Pre- and Post-Assessment Surveys for the Distance Section of LIBR 1100, Introduction to Library Research
Articles and other materials reporting the experiences of librarians in assessing what distance students are learning in online information literacy classes are not well represented in the professional literature. Librarians who have experience assessing distance student learning should share what they have learned with colleagues who, in turn, need to know what methods are working, and how the assessment process can be used to improve online teaching and learning. This article reports on the experience gained by librarians at Texas Tech University Libraries while developing and implementing pre- and post-assessment surveys that were administered in the distance learning section of a library research course taught in the fall of 2009. The course had not included learning outcomes assessment before 2008. The assessment's findings were used to improve both the content and the teaching of the course's online section.

Dr. Marilyn Phelan

Nonprofit Organizations Law and Policy Third Edition
Third edition of casebook on nonprofit organizations.

Nonprofit Organizations: Law and Taxation
Three-volume treatise on all laws relating to nonprofit organizations. Included in the 27 chapters are: description of the steps in creating a nonprofit organization; the legal status of members, directors, and officers; the legal liability of officers and directors both state and federal); accounting principles for nonprofit organizations; tax laws relating to obtaining and maintaining tax exempt status; the various state statutes on nonprofit organizations; legal problems of the nonprofit, such as copyright laws, labor laws, securities laws, right of association, political advocacy, lobbying, and antitrust provisions; and the alternatives to incorporation--the charitable trust and the association. There are separate chapters detailing the law relating to churches, schools, hospitals, political organizations, museums, social clubs (including fraternities and sororities), cemetery organizations, professional organizations, homeowners' associations, cooperatives, and family foundations.

Dr. Narissra Punyanunt-Carter
Associate Professor of Communication Studies
Communication Studies

College Students' Perceptions of Treatment Acceptibility of How College Professors Deal with Disruptive Talking in the Classroom.
This paper offers suggestions and ways for professors to deal with disruptive talking in the college classroom.

Come On...Have Another Drink! College Students' Perceptions of Compliance-gaining Strategies Used for Drinking Alcohol
Wagner, T. S., Punyanunt-Carter, N. M. (2009). Come On... Have another drink. College students' perceptions of compliance-gaining strategies used for drinking alcohol. Human Communication, 12(4), 477-483.

The difference in nonverbal behaviors and how it changes in different stages of a relationship
Prinsen, T., & Punyanunt-Carter, N. M.(2009). The difference in nonverbal behaviors and how it changes in different stages of a relationship. Texas Speech Communication Journal, 34, 1-7. {Lead article}

Parasocialization and Children with Disabilities.
Research has shown that children with disabilities watch television more frequently than nondisabled peers. This increases the likelihood that children with disabilites may develop more parasocial relationships with television personas than their nondisabled peers who watch less television. This article provides an overview of the research done on parasocial relationships and the implications for children with disabilites.

What Do Children Learn About Prosocial Behavior from the Media?
The paper discusses the importance of prosocial behavior from the media and its effects on children. The paper reviews several research studies on prosocial and media on children. The paper also offers implications and limitations dealings with prosocial behavior and media on children.

Mr. Tom Rohrig
Associate Librarian

Using International, Regional, Local, and Federal Documents/Maps to Teach TEKS (Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills) and How to Implement TAKS (Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills)
This presentation explains the Texas and U.S. federal depository program systems and how to use these free, authoritative, and underused resources to teach TEKS and to implement TAKS. The presentation also covers U.S. local, regional, and international documents.

Professor Richard Rosen
Professor of Law

Targeting Enemy Forces in the War on Terror: Preserving Civilian Immunity
Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the interpretation given to it by many in the international community (e.g., UN, NGOs, media) provide perverse incentives to terrorist and insurgent groups to shield their military activities behind civilians and their property. In other words, the law governing targeting is fundamentally defective; it affords terrorist and insurgent groups strategic and tactical advantages from their own noncompliance with the law and their adversaries' observance of it. The consequence has been increasing noncompliance with the law and growing civilian casualties. This article proposes structural changes to the law governing targeting and attitudinal changes by those who interpret it to ensure civilians receive adequate security from armed attack.

Dr. Juliann Scholl
Associate Professor of Communication Studies

Special Occasion Speaking
The complete title is: Special Occasion Speaking: Public Speaking in the Workplace, Public Relations, After-dinner Speaking, and Ceremonial Speaking. This chapter is part of an effort by the American Communication Association to provide free access to public speaking course material, and appears at

Professor Brian Shannon
Charles B. Thornton Professor of Law

Prescribing a Balance: The Texas Legislative Response to Sell v. United States
In 2003, the United States Supreme Court in the case of Sell v. United States addressed the question of whether the Constitution permits the Government to administer antipsychotic drugs involuntarily to a mentally ill criminal defendants in order to render that defendant competent to stand trial for serious, but nonviolent, crimes. The Court concluded that the Constitution does permit doing so ""in limited circumstances . . . upon satisfaction of conditions"" that the Court delineated. This article, after briefly addressing Sell, analyzes an array of Texas legislative enactments from 2003, 2005, 2007, and 2009, all of which addressed the issue of a defendant's refusal to take antipsychotic medication after having been adjudicated incompetent to stand trial, but prior to the criminal trial on the merits.

Dr. Su Shin
Assistant Professor
Design - Apparel Design & Manufacturing Program

Apparel sizing systems and 3D body scan technology
Introducing a 3D body scan technology for the apparel manufacturers, this research reveals that various men's body shapes are associated with current clothing fit issues. In evaluating body dimensions of the over 3600 men from the SizeUSA database, somatotype analyses separated men into four different body shapes, and it is concluded that more than a half of the men in the population would not fit into the standard regular sizing for men's apparel. Results have been presented in SizeUSA user's group webinar. Available this presentation through Techexchange News:

Dr. Jeremy Short
Jerry S. Rawls Professor of Management
College of Business, Area of Management

iPremier: Denial of Service Attack - A Graphic Novel Harvard Business Case
A graphic novel adaptation of an existing Harvard Business case. Describes an IT security crisis, raises issues of risk management, preparation for crisis, management of crises, computer security, and public disclosure of security risks.

Atlas Black: Managing to Succeed
Action! Mystery. Romance. Odd jobs? Mediocre college student Atlas Black works to fund his college expenses, start a new business, and court favor from his ex-girlfriend. With the help of his quick witted sidekick, adorable local barista, sage management professor, and a mysterious advisor known only as "Black," Atlas Black provides a whole new meaning to the term "business time."

Atlas Black: Management Guru?
Atlas Black: Management Guru? picks up to continue the storyline of Atlas Black: Managing to Succeed. College student and soon to be graduate, Atlas Black is ready to take his business idea to the next level. This book examines Atlas and his best friend and honor roll student, David Chan, as they transition from entrepreneurial dreamers to new venture managers.

Professor Victoria Sutton
Professor of Law

The Culture of Science and the Regulation and Litigation of Biodefense Research
This article examines the historical development of the select agent rules, the civil and criminal aspects of these rules, and how they have impacted the biodefense research community, including those members who have been found in violation of these rules. This examination of the development of the select agent rules captures some of the contrasting interests between the culture of science and the culture of law. This study can provide insight into the processes that drive science, which can be useful to lawmakers and regulators and to those in the legal academy in the interdisciplinary area of law and science. Finally, this article considers whether the normative regulatory processes effectively achieve the legislative goals of national and homeland security in the area of life sciences biodefense research.

Smarter Regulations
In the United States a rapidly increasing regulatory burden for life scientists has led to questions as to whether this increased burden through the Select Agent Program has had adverse effects on scientific advances, through examination of the regulatory ""fit"" and if the program could be better designed. An international framework convention to address common concerns about biosecurity and biosafety is a logical next step.

Survey Finds Biodefense Researcher Anxiety--Over Inadvertently Violating Regulations
A nationwide survey of biodefense researchers assessed the effectiveness of the select agent regulations (42 CFR §73), which govern the handling, storage, and security of listed biological agents and toxins, in achieving their statutory goals of protecting public health and national security. The survey assessed regulatory components and measured an "anxiety factor," which indicated that respondents had high anxiety about inadvertently violating these regulations, leading to negative impacts on their careers and potentially thwarting the goals of the statute. These findings indicate that the Select Agent Program, after its first 5 years, has flaws that may thwart it from achieving its statutory goals. Among the flaws is a measure of ""anxiety"" among those in the regulated community that suggests that the program should be reviewed, with an eye toward making it more effective and less anxiety provoking.

Ms. Kimberly Vardeman
Assistant Librarian

Active Learning in Action!
Presentation given at Texas Library Association Annual Conference on April 16, 2010. Discusses active learning activities used in LIBR1100 classroom.

flickr for Your Library
Presentation given at Lubbock Area Library Association meeting on April 6, 2010. Discusses tools and resources on the photo-sharing site flickr that are useful for libraries

Miss B. Lynn Whitfield
Associate Archivist
Southwest Collection

Medieval Southwest: Manifestations of the Old World in the New
This 60 page catalog includes research on the topics of Francisco Vazquez de Coronado, the Llano Estacado, San Saba, and ongoing influences of Spain in Texas. Highlighted are rare and unique artifacts on loan from private collections, Texas Tech University, the Floyd County Historical Museum, the Institute of Texan Cultures, and the New Mexico Farm and Ranch Museum.