University Library FACE 2006 2006 Entries- Arts and Sciences

22nd Annual Faculty Academic Contributions Virtual Exhibit

 

The following items, arranged by the author's last name, were part of the 2006 exhibit:  Anderson-Holtz, Iber-Neugebauer, and Olaniran-Warner

 

"Hispanics in the American West"

Jorge Iber, Chair and Associate Professor in History

Bio: I was born in Cuba and raised in Miami. I did my graduate work at the University of Utah; specializing in Mexican American History. Since my arrival at TTU, I have developed another speciality, US sports history. This work, although focusing on Mexican Americans, also includes a great deal of research on other Hispanics who live in the American West.

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"Experimental Hearths and the Thermal Alteration of Caliche on the Southern High Plains"

Eileen Johnson, Curator of Anthropology and Director of Lubbock Lake Landmark

Bio: Dr. Johnson, working at the Landmark since 1972, has developed the interdisciplinary research program and public programs associated with the Landmark. She has published widely on the research and interpretation of the site, received numerous grants, and given innumerable public talks across the region. The Landmark s regional research program, while focusing on the Southern High Plains, stretches throughout the grasslands of the Americas, including the Northeastern prairie, valley of Mexico, and the pampas of Argentina.

Abstact: Throughout the Holocene, caliche has been a ubiquitous technological resource for the people of the Southern High Plains. Archaeological sites often contain thermal features that appear to utilize caliche in various cultural processes. Thermal alteration variables of caliche are examined from an actualistic perspective, utilizing previously excavated feature geometry and local caliche outcrops. Results indicate that intense heating of caliche causes significant, but variable, structural transformations at the specimen level. The experimental use of shallow basin hearths demonstrates that hearth structures were easily capable of achieving and sustaining temperatures that would result in the physical alteration of individual caliche nodules.

"Sexing Bison Metapodials Using Pricipal Component Analysis in Plains Anthropologist Vol. 50, No. 194"

Eileen Johnson, Curator of Anthropology and Director of Lubbock Lake Landmark

Abstract: Bison remains are a common and important component of many North American archaeological and paleontological sites. Interpretations of bison remains, however, often are hampered by the inability to determine sex reliably in this dimorphic taxon. Metapodials are among the most common bison element recovered in archaeological assemblages, but have proven difficult to sex. The methods currently in use to estimate sex range from those using only bivariate plots and ratios of various metapodial measurements to those using discriminant function analysis. Each method has advantages and disadvantages, with no one method producing certain, unambiguous results. The designation of sex in borderline specimens remains uncertain in all current methods and must be determined subjectively. By reducing data through the use of ratios, the current bivariate methods fail to make full use of the size variation present between male and female bison. The requirements of discriminant function analysis likewise limit this method’s utility for sexing metapodials, particularly for assemblages containing small sample sizes. The use of principal component analysis utilizing several of the most dimorphic, commonly measured variables produces a more confident assessment of sex for both complete and partial specimens of modern bison metapodials.

"Bleed into Me: A Book of Stories"

Stephen Jones, Associate Professor in English

Bio: Born down in Midland. M.A. from North Texas, PhD from Florida State. Five books so far; the latest is "Demon Theory."

Abstact:  Jones, an English professor and Blackfoot author with three novels to his credit, here brings his stinging commentary to 16 stories, each one illuminating a small part of what it's like to be an Indian in contemporary America. In one bittersweet tale, two white kids mistake an Indian's red pickup for their uncle's as they hop in for the trip to school. Not-so-subtle prejudice runs high as everyone he encounters in his role as unwilling abductor presumes his guilt. Drugs and alcohol infuse many stories, some ending tragically in their portrayal of the harsh realities of life on and just off the reservation. The concluding story, "Discovering America," brilliantly encapsulates the whole collection, as a young man writing a play travels from Florida to Arkansas, Texas, and New Mexico. Guilty of "Driving While Indian," he is greeted with suspicious glances, called "Chief," and asked if he has "scalped anybody today." Jones' sardonic tale reveals the sort of casual stereotyping and prejudice that never seems to disappear.

"Of Guns and Ballots: Attitudes Towards Unconventional and Destructive Political Participation Among Sinn Féin and Herri Batasuna Supporters"

Jeff Justice, Visiting Assistant Professor

Bio: Dr. Justice completed his Ph.D. in political science at Texas Tech in 2004. He has several published articles and numerous conference papers on comparative cultural identity and voting behavior.

Abstact: Ireland and Northern Ireland’s Sinn Féin and the Spanish Basque Country’s Herri Batasuna are two radical nationalist parties alleged to be tied to terrorist organizations. The leaderships of both parties deny being officially attached to such groups, although their partisan rhetoric supports their violent activities. Using a series of logistical regression models, I find that the electorates that support these parties have less confidence in democratic institutions than supporters of more moderate nationalist parties. True to their postmaterialist leanings, all of the moderate and radical nationalist parties on Ireland and in the Spanish Basque region have electorates willing to engage in unconventional political behavior at some level. However, the radical parties electorates are willing to use illegal and even destructive forms, whilst the moderate nationalists are not.

"Database E-portfolio Systems: A Critical Appraisal," Computers and Composition, vol. 22 (2005): 434-458

Miles A. Kimball, Assistant Professor in English

Bio: Miles A. Kimball has published articles on the history of technical communication, especially the development of information graphics; on Web portfolios and other tools for electronic pedagogy (such as his book, "The Web Portfolio Guide," Longman 2003); and on visual design and visual rhetoric. His second book, "Document Design: A Guide for Technical Communicators," will be published in 2007 from Bedford/St. Martins.

Abstact: Surveying trends in the e-portfolio boom, this article relates the development of database portfolio systems to portfolio pedagogy. As the market for enterprise-level database systems has grown, portfolio has become a term used to describe systems from assessment initiatives to institutional portals to academic records management tools. The article first discusses central concepts of portfolio pedagogy, the surveys the development of the boom in enterprise database systems and chronicles prominent trends in those systems. Finally, the article makes recommendations for realigning database portfolio systems with portfolio pedagogy, and calls for greater involvement of scholars in the development of database portfolios.

"Cars, Culture, and Tactical Technical Communication," Technical Communication Quarterly, vol. 15 no. 1 (2006): 67-86

Miles A. Kimball, Assistant Professor in English

Abstact: Examining two cases of technical documentation occurring outside of institutions, this article uses a framework derived from Michel de Certeau's distinction between strategies and tactics and Robert Johnson's concept of the user-as-producer. I analyze communities surrounding Muir's How to Keep Your Volkswagen Alive A Manual of Step by Step Procedures for the Compleat Idiot and Champion's Build Your Own Sports Car for as Little as 250. These communities engage in tactical technical communication, especially in the form of technological narratives that participate in broader cultural narratives about technology.

"Brauer Type Embedding Problems"

Arne Ledet, Assistant Professor in Mathematics

Bio: I received my Ph.D. degree from the University of Copenhagen (Denmark) in 1996. I then had various postdoctoral positions in Canada, the US, and Japan, before coming to Texas Tech as an assistant professor in mathematics in 2002.

Abstact: The book is concerned with a special type of Galois theoretical embedding problems, which is an area of Inverse Galois Theory. Inverse Galois Theory can in turn be loosely described as dealing with the construction of polynomials (or equivalent quantities) with prescribed properties as regards the behavior of their roots (i.e., the points where they assume the value zero). Using embedding problems to attack this question amounts to constructing the quantities stepwise, with each step being (one hopes) relatively easy.

"Perchlorate occurrence in the Texas southern high plains aquifer system"

Tom Lehman, Associate Professor in Geosciences

Abstact: In the spring of 2002, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality determined that perchlorate (ClO4-) was present in the ground water from the McMillan and Paul Davis well fields that supply potable water for the city of Midland. Researchers began a large-scale sampling program to determine the source(s) and distribution of perchlorate in the area’s ground water. This document summarizes the findings of a large-scale investigation in nine counties carried out from July to December 2002. This program included public water systems (PWS) wells and private wells in Andrews, Borden, Dawson, Ector, Gaines, Glasscock, Howard, Martin, and Midland counties, which occupy a total area of 23,960 km2. Water samples were tested for perchlorate and a suite of common ions. From a total of 254 wells sampled in nine counties, 179 wells (70%) had detectable perchlorate concentrations (>0.5 ppb) and 88 wells (35%) had perchlorate concentrations equal to or above 4 ppb. The highest perchlorate concentration found at a private well was 58.8 ppb in Dawson County, while the highest concentration detected for a well in PWS was 45.6 ppb in city of Midland, Midland County. Perchlorate positively correlated (α < 0.0001) with Cl-, F-, Br-, SO42-, Mg2+, and K+ but not with NO2-, NO3-, NA+, or Ca+. Research to date has identified the most likely sources to be (1) a natural mineralogical impurity; (2) agricultural fertilizers containing perchlorate; (3) in situ generation of perchlorate by electrochemical reactions; or (4) some combination of the three. This study suggests that there may be significant sources other than the traditional industrial processing of perchlorate, and the distribution of perchlorate in ground water is likely more widespread than previously suspected.

"The Origin of Naturally Occurring Perchlorate: The Role of Atmospheric Processes," American Public Policy: An Introduction, Eighth Edition

Lawrence Mayer, Professor in Political Science

Bio: Dr. Mayer is Professor in Political Science at Texas Tech University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Texas. His current research interests include party system change, especially in the weakening of mainstream parties of the moderate left and right, and the emergence of populist parties of identity. These include nationalist parties of the extreme right as well as parties of sub-cultural defense and other parties of identity that do not classify on the left to right axis.

Abstact: American Public Policy: An Introduction is an introductory undergraduate text that engages students' interest with its unique emphasis on specific, substantive issues of public policy. This text analyzes American public policies in a historical context that allows students to evaluate, analyze, and debate whether established policies are successful or if alternative policies could better serve the American public. The discussion kindled by American Public Policy educates students on the practical methods of public policy analysis while allowing them to apply their knowledge to real life policies.

"Sex Differences in the Neuroendocrine Response to Short-Term Fasting in Rhesus Macaques"

Jacalyn McComb, Professor in Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences

Bio: Jacalyn J. McComb is a professor in the Department of Health Exercise, and Sport Sciences at Texas Tech University. She is also an adjunct professor in the Department of Physiology at Texas Tech University Health Science Center. Her research collaborative efforts are with Reid Norman, Chair of the Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience at TTUHSC and Anna Tacon in the Department of Health Exercise, and Sport Sciences at TTU. Her research focus is stress vulnerability and effective intervention treatments.

Abstact: When energy intake is restricted in mammals, there are neuroendocrine adjustments in the secretion of reproductive and metabolic hormones to reallocate energy for vital functions. In the present study, we investigated whether there were differences in the luteinising hormone (LH), growth hormone (GH) and cortisol responses to a 48-h fast in adult gonad-intact male and female rhesus mazaques.

"Meeting God in The Lion, The Witch, and the Wardrobe: Christian Themes in C.S. Lewis's Book"

Sara McLaughlin, Instructor in English

Bio: Sara McLaughlin, Instructor in English at Texas Tech University, is a contributing editor to the Lamp-Post of the Southern California C.S. Lewis Society. She co-edited A Word Index to the Poetry of C. S. Lewis (Locust Hill Press, 1988). Her book, Meeting God in Silence (Tyndale, 1993), endorsed by Lewis's personal secretary, Walter Hooper, was translated into Korean and published in Seoul (Word of Life, 2000). McLaughlin's thesis was on the Augustinian influence in the fiction of C. S. Lewis.

Abstact: With the release of the movie, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the first of a seven book series entitled The Chronicles of Narnia, by C. S. Lewis, a host of people are now interested in these beloved classics. Sara McLaughlin's book, Meeting God in The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, correlates biblical themes and symbols, especially some more obscure ones, to Lewis's work. Brought to life in the fictitious land of Narnia are theological concepts such as redemption, atonement, and resurrection. Lewis's lively story telling catches readers off guard, and McLaughlin's book also engages both seasoned readers of Lewis and newcomers to Narnia.

"The Effect of Model Similarity on Girls' Motor Performance," Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 24 (2), April 2005

Karen S. Meaney, Associate Professor in Health, Exercise, & Sport Sciences

Bio: Dr. Karen S. Meaney is an Associate Professor in the Department of Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences. She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in sport pedagogy. Her research focuses on examining children 's motor skill learning and applying research to enhance pedagogical practices.

Abstact: This investigation examined the effect of model similarity on girls ' acquisition, retention, transfer, and transfer strategies of a novel motor task. Forty girls (mean age = 10 years) were randomly assigned to conditions in a 2 (model skill level) X 2 (model sex) factorial design using four treatment groups: (a) male skilled, (b) male learning, (c) female skilled, and (d) female learning. Quantitative data revelaed that participants observing a female model or a learning model transferred significanlty more learning strategies than did participants observing a male or skilled model. Qualitative results underscored the need to include models of similar sex, as well as learning models when instructing girls in motor skills.